Physical geography

Bolivia is situated in the centre of South America. It encompasses 424,194 square miles and has borders with Brazil to the north and east, with Argentina to the south, and with Peru to the west. On the southeast of Bolivia lies the border with Paraguay, while to the southwest lies that with Chile.


Although all of Bolivia is located within the Tropic of Capricorn, the country enjoys the full spectrum of existing climates. The temperature is not only regulated by geographical location, but also by the altitude above sea level; temperatures are lower at higher altitudes and higher at lower altitudes.

Due to its proximity to the Equator, the four seasons are not marked with much differentiation in contrast to other continents. The variation of temperatures between winter and summer is less than 10 degrees C.

Most favourable seasons for sojourns and touring

There is no particular season to visit Bolivia. This vast country is made up of many different regions, each individually regulated by their own geographical location. However, the variation of temperatures between winter and summer is less than 10 degrees C. The wet season mainly falls between November and March, with the Amazonian regions experiencing a predominantly wet climate the whole year round. 

How to dress

Warm clothing in the altiplano region, light clothing for the tropical plains with light clothing by day and warmer at night for the Yungas.

Tell me more about Bolivia

South America is an immensely varied continent, comprising extremes of climate and topography. There are certain images that most people associate as being typical of South America and many of these are realised in Bolivia.

Landlocked between Peru, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Chile, the country has some stunning Andean scenery. The capital city La Paz – situated at an altitude of over 3,600 metres – is the highest in the world.

Over half the human population lives in the altiplano, a windswept plateau between two ranges of mountains, and many of the Indians living here still speak the ancient Aymara language which dates back to a pre-Inca civilisation.

Nowhere else in South America are the national ethnic roots so pronounced as Bolivia. The Llama herders driving their animals down from high level grazing pastures live a lifestyle that has barely changed over the centuries.

Although the high mountains are the most dominant feature of the country, Bolivia also embraces a remarkable diversity of other habitats including Grand Chaco, Yungus cloudforest, tracts of unique Polylepis forest and sultry Amazonian jungle.

What’s special about the wildlife in Bolivia?

All but two of the Neotropical bird families are represented in the national bird list of over 1,350 species, which is one of the largest in the world and includes 18 endemic birds plus many other rarities.